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Tripoli City in brief
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Nice World

Hi Guz

today we will talk about Tripoli city

Come together to knows about it




Tripoli the land of three cities, derives its name from the three ancient cities vir. Sabratlia situated in the west. Oea (Known now as Tripoli). is situated in the remote western side of Libya. and Leptis Magna is located in the cast of Tripoli.

These three cities were founded by Phoenician Carthage as trading posts, which later became "Emporia" to guarantee the security of fertile coast. At that time the language. culture, and administration of the Roman legions drew a symbolic plough over Carthage after it had been razed to the ground. The Phoenician influence had not disappeared when Tripoli, during the period Roman tutelage over the three cities, developed friendly
relations with Numidian Kingdom ruled by a Libyan Chieftain.




While all events were happen, in 264 B.C. the Carthaginians occupied Messina and so plunged into a struggle with Rome that was to end more than a century later in the destruction of Carthage and the establishment of Roman rule in North Africa.

Thus, the first Punic War(264-241), through it caused the loss of Carthage Sicily. left Carthage's main foe intact elsewhere. Twenty-three years later she had recovered sufficiently to embark on the Second Punic War (218-202) which Hannibal's invasion of Italy all but decided. But the Romans fought the assailants to a stand still; and in 204 B. Scipio Africanus landed in Africa. where lie joined forces with a native Chieftain named Massinissa , and with his aid achieved the final victory over the Carthaginians and the it leader Hannibal who was then treacherously assassinated by some of his followers.



In their conquest, the Rom ails decided to prevent a second Carthaginian recovery for their terms included the cession of Spain, the payment of a heavy indemnity, and the reduction of the Carthaginian fleet to ten ships, at the same time, the Romans planned to paralvze Carthage in North Africa by encouraging Massinissa s territorial aspirations at her expense. Carthage was permitted to maintain a property of the Phoenician dependencies, including the Tripolitanian Emporia but she was ordered to hand over the Massinissa, whom the Roman had recognised as King of an independent Numidia (roughly corresponding to modern Algeria), all the cities and territory held by him or his forefathers'. The phrase was purposely vague in order to confuse the state of affairs of King Massinissa and Carthage; meanwhile Carthage's hands were bound by a clause forbidding her to make war without Rome's approval. A complete submission to the Romans rule.

After fifty year of hard task, Massinissa was able to unite the ancient Libyan Kingdome which stretched from Morocco to Cyrenaica, having Carthage as Capital, on the whole account of Rome effort for administrative purposes, all three Tripolitanian cities were evacated to the rank of Roman colonies. Leptis was placed under Trajan, Oea and Sabratha under the regin of Antoninius Pius.

In conclusion, this short thesis of history does not permit us to relate all the traces of the events of Tripolitania from the earliest times down to the present day. The foregoing details covers briefly the elements of the past history.

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In general, the outcome of the Roman Empire was weakened by the Civil Wars in Italy. Rome it ad no respite from the attacks of the Germans, and Byzantiurm became the capital of the Empire. Therefor it was impossible to prevent the decline of the Roman authority in North Africa. Fierce tribes advanced from the Fezzan. Sabratha and Oea (Tripoli) called in the Vandals front Spain to help her against the newcomers who eventually ruled the country. This meant. Automatically, the end of the Roman domination of North Africa. Efforts were however, made from Byzantium to save the collapse of North Africa for the eastern Roman Empire. Under Justinian, Belisarius defeated the Vandals near Tunisia in 533 A.D. And in order to guard against the repeated attacks of the ancient Fezzanese tribes, both Sabratha and Leptis built new defences. They called them the Byzantine Wails. But they were of no avail since they tailed to resist the Arab Muslim attacks afterwards in 642-643.




After the death of the Prophet Mohamed (p.b.u.h), the Arab Muslim army captured Tripoli in its advance to North Africa and then to Spain. Tripoli became an Arab Muslim stronghold; but in its history, the city was destined to face more conquerors-i.e. in 1145 the Normans took the city,in 1510 came the Spaniards and the it the knights of St. John of Malta who seized it in 1530, under the protection of Charles V of France. But finally, due to their harsh rule, the Arab Libyan inhabitants forced them to quit the country in 1551, inspite of their military strength that they had had from outside. i.e. from Europe.




Tripoli, again, witnessed an unpleasant event which Occurred between (1801 and 1804) for which, I Presume is worthy of record because it has become a part of its struggle for freedom and independence.




After the War of independence, the United States of America, having at the time of 1790 no warships, had been unable, as they say to protect her merchant fleet in the Mediterranean Sea. Because of this privation, America had to pay an anual ''ransom " to tour African Arab Muslim states of which Tripoli was the easternmost under the karamanly's rule in 1801, so as to ensure the protection of her ships sailing through the Mediterranean Sea. But the U.S.A. refused to execute the payment of such a right tax levied by the sovereign states concerned on the passage of all foreign ships, the cause of which war broke out between Tripoli under the title of Karamanly;s and the U.S.A. (Under Jefferson Administration). It lasted four years.

By this time the U.S.A. had built six frigates. One of these Warships, the "Philadelphia" foundered on the rocks in Tripoli Port The Libyan seized her while she was tendered immovable and turned her guns on the other American warships. It thus became necessary for the Americans to try to destroy the guns of the U.S. ship "Philadelphia". A captured Libyan Vessel, renamed the "intrepid" set out in February 1804 with 80 volunteers wit the order to sink the Philadelphia. In September of the same year, the vessel "Intrepid" sailing into port loaded with gun-powder tried to explode it amidst the Tripolitanian fleet. But the American mission failed because the ship was quickly spotted by the Libyans and gunshots from their Vessels made the "Intrepid" explode before it could realize its task.

The crew was killed. Five of the American sailers have been buried in a little cemetery near the port of Tripoli. The karamanlys' rule however ceased alter more than one century (1711-1835); which then followed by the second Ottoman era (1835-1911). The Turkish domination also ended after the Italian Libyan War of 1911-12.
شاعر السراب
Nice world....
well it's so beauty to know that we have such a civilization in our country home LIBYA..Hope you keep it up that way and please once a while try to bring such topics that interest in our culture and history.
yours the Poety.
إكـXــــاندر
شكرا
jeje85
thanks alot about u words and good tobic
sarorte
Thank you verey much
.
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